Asthma is a chronic condition that causes the airways in the lungs to swell and narrow, making it difficult to breathe.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in the United States, asthma is one of the most common long-term illnesses in children, although adults can also suffer from it. This condition causes wheezing, chest tightness and coughing at night or early in the morning.
Although all the causes that cause it are not known, the truth is that it is linked to genetic, environmental and occupational factors, says the CDC.
If an immediate family member has asthma, the person is more likely to develop it. Atopy, which is the genetic predisposition to allergic disease, may play an important role in the development of allergic asthma.
Similarly, exposure to environmental elements such as mold or moisture, certain allergens such as dust mites and secondhand smoke have been linked to the onset of asthma. Air pollution and a viral lung infection can also cause it, the CDC says.
Occupational asthma occurs when someone who has never had asthma develops it because they are exposed to something at work. This can happen if you’re allergic to something at work, like mold, or if you’re exposed to irritants like sawdust or chemicals at work.
Breathing exercises are important to relieve some of the discomfort. These methods help open the airways, move fresh air into the lungs and reduce the effort of breathing, according to information from Healthline. These are some of those that can be practiced.
Swimming is one of the most recommended exercises for people with asthma. Compared to other activities, it is less likely to cause symptoms. However, it is worth being careful because chlorinated pools can affect some people.
Walking is a low-intensity activity and is therefore another good option. This form of exercise is gentle on the body, making breathing easier. For a more comfortable experience, experts recommend walking outside when the weather is nice. Dry, cool air can trigger or worsen symptoms.
Another alternative is to walk somewhere that is relatively flat or has a gentle, even incline. However, if you have allergies, it’s best to check local pollen levels before you go to avoid complications.
Cycling at a leisurely pace also works. This is a moderate activity that does not involve constant effort. You can also do indoor cycling on a stationary bike.
If the patient wants to run, he should choose short distance runs such as sprints. Doing it on long runs or outdoors may not be advisable due to the continuous effort required.
According to Healthline, there are some sports that are suitable for people with asthma. These activities include periodic rests, which are kinder on the lungs. The list includes: baseball, gymnastics, volleyball and golf.
Although these exercises are useful, it is important to consider some recommendations.
– Use an inhaler before exercise. These inhaled medications relax the airways, making it easier to breathe during physical activity.
– Take medication for long-term control. If using an inhaler before exercise does not control symptoms, your doctor may prescribe another medication.
– Heating and cooling. Warm up to allow the body to adapt and finally take it slow.
– Wear a mask or scarf. It is important to cover your nose and mouth when it is cold. The dryness of the fresh air can constrict the airways.
– Limit exposure to pollen. If you are allergic to pollen, it is recommended that you exercise indoors when temperatures are high and stay in areas with minimal air pollution.
– Avoid sports with prolonged activity. Basketball, football, and long-distance running can be hard on the lungs.