Diseases caused by a lack of minerals

A balanced diet including vitamins and minerals is key to maintaining a healthy body. The World Health Organization states that “healthy nutrition throughout life helps prevent malnutrition in all its forms, as well as various non-communicable diseases and disorders”.

Minerals are essential for the health of the body. According to experts at Medline Plus, the website of the United States National Library of Medicine, the body uses them for a variety of functions, including it has been found to support proper brain function.

“Most people get the minerals they need by eating a wide variety of foods. In some cases, your doctor may recommend a mineral supplement. People with certain health problems or who take certain medications may need to consume less of the mineral. For example, people with chronic kidney disease should limit their potassium consumption,” the Library specifies.

It is important to consult a doctor regularly to check your health. Also, go to a nutritionist to give you the right professional advice and check if you are really eating healthy.

The portal health 180 explains that the deficiency of certain minerals can contribute in the long term to the development of age-related diseases. Some of them are due to a lack of:

  • Chromium: important for the metabolism of fats and sugars. Its deficiency can increase the risk of diabetes, heart disease and obesity.
  • Selenium: Deficiency of natural suppressor cells, which are key to attack virus-infected cells. It can also cause prostate problems and skin diseases.
  • Zinc: important for the immune system. With a deficiency of this mineral, people are prone to viral and bacterial infections. In addition to infertility and problems with sexual functions.
  • Iodine: mental retardation and abnormal development in children.
  • Fluoride: It is essential for bone health. The lack of this trace element is associated with caries, osteoporosis, tooth weakness, fractures and progressive deafness with age.

How to include them in the diet?

the website clickisalud indicates which foods to add to the diet that provide the minerals the body needs:

calcium

  • Dairy products.
  • Salmon and sardines.
  • Green leafy vegetables.
  • Foods fortified with calcium.

Iron

  • Meat, especially red meat.
  • Tuna and salmon.
  • eggs.
  • Bob.
  • Baked potatoes with skin.
  • Dried fruit.
  • Green leafy vegetables.
  • Whole grains and fortified cereals.

potassium

  • bananas.
  • tomatoes.
  • Peeled potatoes.
  • Green vegetables.
  • citrus fruits.
  • Skimmed and yogurt milk.
  • Legumes.

Zinc

  • Beef, pork and chicken.
  • Nuts.
  • Legumes.

vitamin deficiency

When you don’t have a healthy diet, it’s hard for the body to function at 100%, especially in children. “One third of the world’s population cannot develop their full physical and intellectual potential due to a lack of vitamins and minerals.“, according to a report by the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF).

In accordance with better health Here are some of the conditions that people can suffer from if they are deficient in various vitamins:

Vitamin A: Deficiency of this vitamin is rare. When this happens, vision problems or blindness can occur. Its deficiency can seriously affect the development of children.

Vitamin C: tiredness and weakness, swollen gums that bleed easily at the base of the teeth, bleeding on the skin and other types of bleeding. For example, nosebleeds, blood in the urine or stools, bleeding streaks under the nails, and anemia.

Vitamin E: When there is a severe deficiency of this vitamin, neurological symptoms such as poor balance and coordination (ataxia), damage to the sensory nerves (peripheral neuropathy), muscle weakness and damage to the retina of the eye can occur.

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