Andalusia warns in report of girls’ greater “vulnerability” to violence

SEVILLE, October 11 (EUROPA PRESS) –

The Government Council of the Junta de Andalucia learned this Tuesday of the report made on the occasion of the International Day of the Girl, which is celebrated every October 11, and which notes that girls are “more vulnerable to violence, promoting to a greater extent than children in education, they do less sports activities and are the minority group in mental health consultations’.

This is a document that analyzes the situation of Andalusian children from a gender perspective, analyzing data related to vulnerability, education, life habits, mental health or physical activity, as detailed in the Council of Government reference .

This report also states that the government of the Junta de Andalucia continues to take steps towards an autonomous community “more egalitarian and free from sexist violence, paying attention to the specific needs of girls, with public policies that integrate them as beneficiaries, and actions , which seek to redress marked childhood gender inequalities’.

Thus, the data collected in the document point to a “greater vulnerability” of girls to the various forms of violence analyzed. Specifically, girls suffer more from sexual violence–85.4% compared to 14.6% of boys–, they are the main victims of crimes of corruption of minors–in 75.7% of cases– and pornography (60.4%); and furthermore within the family environment they suffer from 59.3% abuse.

Similarly, the analysis highlights that also in the new forms of violence through ICT and social networks, girls suffer from 63.3% of cyberviolence and cybercrimes, compared to 36.7% of boys.

In education, generally up to the bachelor’s degree, girls and boys advance to a greater extent than boys, by roughly a ten-point difference in all indicators collected.

However, boys and adolescents scored higher on math and science-related indicators, while girls scored higher on reading comprehension by a 20-point difference.

As for habits, and in particular tobacco consumption, it is observed that it progresses from 11-12 years, when only 0.2% of girls and 1% of boys smoke; up to 17-18 years, when 22.7% of girls and 23.2% of boys already smoke. There is no significant difference between the two, but the percentage is high due to health risks, the SC explains.

The same happens with alcohol consumption, but it is more common than tobacco among girls and boys aged 11-18.

Regarding body image, approximately half of Andalusian children and adolescents between the ages of 11 and 18 are satisfied with their size, but the other half, which differs, has gender differences. Thus, girls show more concern about being overweight, while boys show concern about being thin.

In the area of ​​sexual behavior, both sexes recognize first sexual relations between the ages of 15 and 16, but more boys (42.7%) declare that they had sexual relations between the ages of 15-18 than girls (33.7%) .

Regarding contraceptive methods, young people are more likely to report using a condom in their last relationship, 79% compared to 69.3% of adolescents. Younger girls maintain this rate across age groups without significant changes, on the other hand, boys use condoms to a greater extent with age. 28.8% of children between 15 and 16 years admit that they did not use a condom during their last sexual act.

WORRY LESS ABOUT MENTAL HEALTH

There are “significant differences” by gender in the frequency with which they engage in physical activity in their free time, according to the board. Among girls aged 11 to 18, 15.4% declared that they had never been physically active, while among boys, 5.6% were those who had never done it. Among those who engage in physical activity, boys do it more often each week than girls.

Finally, in terms of child and adolescent mental health, “significant differences” were found in the care provided by specialist units, where 68.2% of patients seen were boys compared to 31.7% who were girls ( 15,430 compared to 7,171 girls visited).

As for the number of suicide deaths, twelve were recorded in 2020, seven boys and five girls. Since 2012, the trend has been the same, with more deaths among boys.

TWO LAWS AGAINST DISCRIMINATION

In this regard, the UN warns that girls around the world continue to face “unprecedented challenges” in terms of their education, physical and mental well-being and the necessary protection for a life free from violence.

Covid-19 “exacerbated the existing burdens for them and undermined the important achievements made in the last decade”, according to Borda, who stressed that Andalusia has two “fundamental laws to tackle persistent discrimination and inequalities”.

On the one hand, Law 12/2007 of November 26 to promote gender equality, which aims to “contribute to overcoming the historical inequality of women in Andalusia; inequality, which is unique in that it affects more than half of the population.

And, on the other hand, Law 4/2021 of July 27 on children and adolescents in Andalusia, approved in the last legislature, which states that children and adolescents are the bearers of all human rights and “it is vital to take into account that the rights of children take their own position, incorporating the perspective of gender and equality in their members’.

More specifically, Article 13 of it states that “the Andalusian public administrations will introduce the gender perspective in the planning, development and evaluation of the measures they adopt with regard to children and adolescents, in all actions and programs aimed at minors and with special attention to inequality and/or discrimination based on gender, sexual orientation and gender identity’.

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