▷ Requirements for a truck driver in Spain. I understand!

be a truck driver goes beyond driving a goods vehicle, it also implies responsibility for protecting the integrity of the products and ensuring that they reach their destination within the specified period.

It is a vital trade profession where strict legal regulations and certain requirements must be met in order to get behind the wheel. Among which are Requirements for a truck driver in Spain and training to learn to drive trucks.

What is it like to be a truck driver in Spain?

For work as a truck driver they must have the skills and abilities to be responsible for the loading, transfer, unloading and delivery of the goods both in Spain and abroad.

In addition, you must have knowledge about take care of the billsdelivery receipts and other documentation related to the transported products.

Being a truck driver also implies plan the route optimal for meeting the deadline for the delivery of the goods. Not forgetting to record the kilometers traveled and the hours of driving and rest.

And depending on the product or material you’re transporting, you need certain levels specialization. For example, for the transport of hazardous materials, such as chemical, flammable or toxic substances.

What it takes to work as a truck driver

To work as a truck driver you must have:

  • Requirements imposed by law and traffic rules.
  • Skills, abilities and knowledge in terms of transportation, customer communication, planning, security, etc.

What are the legal requirements for a truck driver in Spain?

According to General rules for drivers and other legal texts, the requirements for a truck driver in Spain are basically the following:

  • Be over 18 or 21, depending on the type of driver’s license.
  • You have a license to drive a truck (C, C1, C+E or C1+E).
  • Get a certificate of professional ability.

Have a license to drive trucks

It is necessary to have truck driver’s licenseaccording to the load to be moved and the mass of the vehicle:

  • C permit. For vehicles with a mass of more than 3500 kg, which can carry a maximum of 8 passengers, including the driver.
    • Age 21+ is required for this permit. For those obtaining a CAP certificate in the initial modality, the minimum age is 18 years.
  • Permit C+E. This is the permit for towed vehicles which consist of the vehicle described in permit C plus a trailer not exceeding 750 kg.
    • Requires a minimum age of 21 years. If the CAP certificate was obtained in the original way, the permit can be processed from the age of 18.
  • C1 permit .For vehicles between 3500 kg and 7500 kg, with a maximum capacity of 8 passengers, including the driver.
    • Requires a minimum age of 18 years.
  • License C1+E. This permit is required for towed vehicles (tractor + trailer) whose total mass does not exceed 12,000 kg.
    • Requires a minimum age of 18 years.

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You have a CAP certificate of professional ability

The cap This is the certificate that accredits the mandatory training required to drive buses and trucks in Spanish territory and throughout the European Union.

This is a document that proves the qualification of the person after passing the courses and exams who are required to be professionals in the carriage of goods or passengers.

CAP should always accompanies the driver’s licensewhich are required in both private and public freight service.

Other requirements: truck driver skills and abilities

In addition to the requirements for a truck driver in Spain there are a number abilities Y skills essential to the practice of this profession. For example:

  • You have the ability to comply with regulations and follow instructions.
  • They have great commitment and responsibility towards the profession.
  • You have good physical ability. To be a truck driver you need to be healthy and fit because you have to work long hours.
  • They have the ability to concentrate and perform routine work, without company and for long periods.
  • Possess social skills to have effective customer service.
  • Be able to handle emergency situations.
  • They have digital skills. These skills are important for the use of new technologies that are included in the control of transport management.
  • Be able to perform administrative work such as checking invoices and delivery notes.

How to become a truck driver in Spain? Other required knowledge

Among the main ones knowledge required for a truck driver are the following:

  • Know the laws and regulations on the issues of truckingsafety, occupational health, traffic, etc.
  • You have knowledge of vehicle mechanics. To know how to act in the event of a breakdown or damage to the road and to carry out a preventive inspection of the truck before starting the trek.

Requirements for a truck driver in Spain: in the case of transporting dangerous goods

To work as a transport truck driver dangerously good It is mandatory to have the requirements described above and in addition it is necessary:

  • Take the ADR course. This is the course for truck drivers that trains them to transport dangerous goods. It is done at centers authorized by DGT.
  • Get the ADR card, after completing the specified course. This license must also be renewed every 5 years.

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How and where to get CAP? Courses for truck drivers

The GL It is obtained by passing a course for truck drivers in driving academies. This training has two modalities: initial CAP and on Continuing Education CAP:

  • Initial CAP mode. If you got your driving license after 2008, in order to get a Certificate of Professional Ability (CAP for Goods) you must complete the initial truck driver CAP course which:
    • Its duration is 130 theoretical hours + 10 practical hours. It also includes exams.
    • It trains you in:
      • Transport regulations.
      • The mechanical system and in truck maintenance.
      • Transport logistics.
      • Road safety and health.
      • environmental safety.
  • CAP modality of continuous learning. If you have an initial CAP or obtained your driving license before 2008, you must complete the continuing education course. This is a course for truck drivers that offers advanced safety driving training, in addition to:
    • It trains you to apply transport related regulations.
    • It trains you in transport logistics in relation to health and safety.
    • Does not include exams or mandatory practices.
    • Its duration is 25 hours.
    • Must be done every 5 years to renew the certificate.

Are the courses for truck drivers free?

The expenses of courses for truck drivers varies according to the training center and CAP certification mode. However, many of these driving schools offer financing options or free plans if you are self-employed or work as a truck driver in certain priority sectors.

When should you renew your driver’s license?

Driving licenses C, C1, C1+E and C+E must be it is renewed every 5 yearsas long as you are smaller than 65 years. After exceeding this age, you must renew your driver’s license every time 3 years.

Now you know how to become a truck driver in Spain. you dare

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