What does urine color mean and when is it a problem?

The color of the urine is usually not the same. Its tone and appearance varies depending on the amount of water a person drinks, the food they eat, or whether they take any type of medication.

However, these are not the only reasons. The change in color can also indicate that the person is facing some disease like diabetes, hepatitis and even cancer.. In any case, it is a substance that can be observed with the naked eye, so it is important to know what is normal and what is not, and to pay attention to any warning signs.

The production and elimination of urine is essential for the proper functioning of all body systems. It has two key functions: it maintains the body’s fluid balance and it removes waste products produced by all the body’s cells from the blood, according to information from the journal Very healthy of Sanitas Group, from Spain.

The Mayo Clinic Research Institute explains that normal urine color ranges from light yellow to dark amber and is a result of a pigment called urochrome and how dilute or concentrated the urine is.

Pigments and other compounds in certain foods and drugs affect color. For example, beets, berries and beans affect tone. Also, some medications cause a change.

The color of urine warns of consumption of certain foods or drugs, but also of possible diseases. – Photo: Getty Images

According to experts, the unusual color of urine can indicate a disease. For example, dark red or brown urine is a hallmark of porphyria, a rare congenital disorder of the red blood cells.

Some of the shades that urine can take on are red, blue, green, dark brown and cloudy white and are associated with the following aspects.

red or pink

This tone is the result of different situations. The first is through blood. Factors that lead to blood include urinary tract infections, an enlarged prostate, cancerous and noncancerous tumors, kidney cysts, and kidney or bladder stones. It is also possible to acquire this color due to the consumption of certain foods or medicines.

an orange

The orange color of the urine can be due to the intake of certain drugs and diseases of the liver or bile ducts, especially if there are also light-colored stools. In addition, dehydration causes urine to become concentrated and more intensely colored.

blue or green

Blue or green urine is the result of eating certain food dyes. Dyes used in some kidney and bladder function tests also sometimes turn urine blue.

There are drugs that produce blue or green urine, such as amitriptyline, indomethacin, and propofol, and these hues are also caused by conditions such as benign hereditary hypercalcemia, which is a rare condition sometimes called a “syndrome.” diaper” because children who suffer from it urinate in this color. The green color sometimes appears during urinary tract infections caused by pseudomonas bacteria.

Urine sample
The color of urine can vary depending on how much fluid a person drinks. – Photo: Getty Images

Dark brown

Certain foods such as beans or rhubarb affect this tone of urine; as well as the antimalarial drugs chloroquine and primaquine, the antibiotics metronidazole and some laxatives.

Liver and kidney disorders and some urinary tract infections also cause dark brown urine, as well as kidney damage.

Opaque or cloudy

Urinary tract infections and kidney stones can cause cloudy or cloudy urine.

Specialists assure that when the change in the color of urine is not caused by food or drugs, it may be due to an illness and therefore it is imperative to consult a doctor. The US National Library of Medicine says this should be done when the tone changes without explanation and does not go away; if there is blood and if it is pink, red or smoky brown and not caused by food or medicine.

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