World Heart Day: recommendations for care and health

Each person manages episodes of stress in different ways, but it seems that this affects the response of their cardiovascular system, ie. if stress causes strong emotions of anger or irritability on a daily basis, they could be more likely to have a heart attack or heart disease.

This is how experts from the Ministry of Health explain it in relation to the fact that a negative reaction and continuous exposure to stress add to the list of risks for heart problems, just like smoking, a sedentary life or eating habits.

How do emotions affect heart health?

As explained on Portal Bogotá the Doctor Diego Rodriguez, medicine and way to promote and maintain the health of the southern subnetwork, the most common reasons that cause stress are related to work, economic, family problems, couple problems, etc.

In turn, the expert said that suffering from stress leads to various effects on the body such as sleep problems, anxiety, fatigue, headaches and other related symptoms that can also affect cardiovascular health.

Experiencing strong emotional impacts, for example, can cause diseases such as stress cardiomyopathies, that is, they cause the body to produce hormones such as adrenaline, speed up the heart rate, and cause the left ventricle of the heart to deform and weaken over time; This is called broken heart syndrome in popular parlance,” explained Dr. Rodriguez.

(You may also be interested in: Do you need psychological support? Contact these hotlines in Bogotá)

In the following audio, Dr. Rodriguez explains why stress is linked to heart disease:

It is worth clarifying that it is not only stress that can cause heart disease; if added to other conditions such as diabetes, high cholesterol, blood pressure or other heart conditions, then it can increase the risk of a heart attack.

On the contrary, the emotions generated by a good hug, doing a short breathing procedure, meditation or yoga, and connecting with nature, among other activities that generate well-being for the person, regulate and reduce stress levels and, along with this, avoid unnecessary increases in heartbeats, explains the specialist.

On the other hand, Dr. Isabel Larissa Martinez, Cardiologist, Southwest Subnetwork, mentions that in Colombia, The three conditions that most affect the development of heart problems are: ischemic heart disease, cerebrovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus.

In particular, men are the ones who suffer more from heart disease (at an older age) compared to women, the specialist said.

In the following audio, the expert explains the main conditions that predispose a person to heart disease, in addition to constant exposure to stress:

❤️ Tips on how to take care of your heart

Every September 29th is World Heart Day, and for this reason at Portal Bogotá we share with you some simple recommendations from health experts, both to manage some strong emotions and to take care of your heart and thus prevent diseases:

Dr. Diego Rodriguez of the Southern Subnet points out that fortunately there are many ways to reduce your chances of suffering from heart disease, including the following:

🏃‍♂️ Get excited for exercise

According to Dr. Rodriguez, exercise is not only physical activity that promotes a healthy weight, which is important for preventing cardiovascular risks and heart damage, but also prevents the development of diabetes, hypertension and, very importantly, helps regulate on stress and anxiety levels.

“Practice of any exercise, physical activity or sport is proven increases the levels of endorphins in the body, hormones that are responsible for making a person feel good and at the same time distract him from his worries or negative emotions from day to day,” said the expert.

For her part, Dr. Larissa Martinez of the South West Subnetwork explains that by combining routine physical activity, which can be as little as 20 constant minutes a day, with breathing exercises, it significantly helps to relieve stress.

Similarly, the expert specified that exercise limits the negative effects of stress such as the constant anxiety response that is responsible for maintaining a high heart rate at times when it is not essential to have it, and this translates into calmness, well-being and heart health .

👩‍⚕️ Control your blood pressure

Dr. Rodriguez points out that high blood pressure or hypertension are risk conditions for developing heart disease, and therefore it is important to monitor blood pressure regularly by seeing a doctor.

In this way, the specialist assesses whether the blood pressure range is appropriate, according to the person’s age, and/or will take the necessary precautions instead.

Dr. Martínez of the Southwest subnetwork emphasizes that high blood pressure is one of the risk factors for the development of cardiovascular diseases, because it is silent and does not present warning symptoms, so regular visits to the doctor can warn the person in time.

🩺 Take care of your cholesterol and triglyceride levels

During a regular visit to a specialist, the person can ask for tests that indicate the levels of cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood, which determine the proper functioning of the circulatory system.

In the following audio, Dr. Rodriguez explains the effect of high cholesterol on the heart:

🍎 Try a healthy diet

Experts from the Ministry of Health agree that maintaining a healthy diet affects the health of the heart, that is, that it contains a good amount of antioxidants and that they provide natural vitamins such as fruits, vegetables and, on the contrary, limit those harmful ones such as excess flours, sugars and processed foods.

“A proper diet promotes good nutrition, regulates a person’s weight and helps the heart not work too hard to pump blood to the body, given that this is one of its main functions,” said Dr. Diego Rodríguez.

For his part, Dr. Lariza explained that high blood glucose levels due to poor nutrition are a risk for diseases such as diabetes, which causes heart and cerebrovascular diseases, so limiting the consumption of sugars as well as drinking of clean water, regulates these levels.

🚭 Do not smoke and drink in moderation

Experts explain that the consumption of tobacco or cigarettes, added to the excessive consumption of alcohol, increases the risk of suffering from various diseases, among which, of course, those of a cardiac nature are also found.

“Cigarette smoking is harmful arteries, hardens them and promotes the formation of atheromathat is, those arteries that are characterized by the formation of plaques inside them that reduce blood flow, become blocked or rupture and thus can cause a stroke,” explained Dr. Diego Rodríguez.

As for excessive alcohol consumption, Dr. Larissa Martinez explained that it can increase blood cholesterol and triglyceride levels, as well as chronic hypertension, risk factors for both heart attack and stroke.

“When a patient consumes too much alcohol, it usually causes their blood vessels to constrict and lead to high blood pressure, among other heart conditions. Awareness of the importance of moderate consumption is key to preventing heart disease, especially if the person does not have a family history of this condition,” concluded the cardiologist.

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