Information from UN agencies reveals that 1 in every 3 people in a migration situation who enter the country through Colchane is a child or adolescent

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The data shows that one in five school-aged children and adolescents who entered the country between June and July have not been in school for more than a year, with more than half of the family groups entering the country for Colchane lacking the economic resources to their food.

To monitor the flow of migrants and refugees through Colchain and to characterize the profiles of these groups, UNICEF, IOM, UNHCR and UN Women implemented a Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM), which allows information to be collected directly, through surveys, from people, which are located at the specified border point.

Likewise, this tool provides information on children and adolescents regarding their level of education, health status, physical and emotional changes they experienced during their trip to Chile, risk situations and their most urgent needs.

According to the information obtained, out of a total of 266 people identified in June, 40.2% who arrive in Colchane are traveling with a child or adolescent, in the case of July, out of a total of 85 people identified, the figure reaches 41.2%. 54.8% of boys and girls are male and 45.2% are female.

The report revealed that mothers traveled mostly for children and adolescents, 76.6%; while 14.8% traveled under the responsibility of their parents and 7.8% under the responsibility of another responsible adult. During this period, seven children and adolescents were found to have entered Chile unaccompanied by a mother, father or legal guardian.

Most of the children and adolescents (47.1%) admitted through Colchane were between 4 and 10 years of age, and 29% were between 0 and 3 years of age.

The information obtained shows that 9.6% of children and adolescents did not study in their country of origin. Meanwhile, 18.8% have not received formal education for more than a year, either face-to-face or remotely.

Among the main immediate needs of children and adolescents, the respondents put food (83.5%), clothing and shoes (71.1%) as their first priority, and in third place the legalization of education documents (62.9%).

46.1% of children and adolescents feel “sometimes safe, sometimes insecure” on their way to the country. 9.7% experienced risky situations while traveling to Chile.

During the trip, boys and girls had headaches (26.2%), changes in appetite (22.7%), and 11.4% did not want to let their parents out of their sight. While 9.6% have excessive crying.

The results are consistent with information received in June and July 2022 from people who were in the government-run Colchane temporary facility and those waiting to enter the country at that border crossing. During this period, information was collected on 384 people, 269 adults and 115 children and adolescents, but only adults were surveyed.

The analysis shows that of all those surveyed, the majority of people in a migration situation have Venezuelan nationality (93.6%) and 4.9% Colombian. 56.1% were male while 43.9% were female. And more than half, 54.7%, have secondary education.

Research methodology

The research was carried out through non-probability convenience surveys of all people aged 18 and over in and out of the Colchane temporary device in four survey applications between June and July this year. The results allow to draw conclusions only about the studied population in the area and the date of the study, so they do not allow to know the situation of the population outside this boundary.

The survey is implemented twice a month and a monthly report will be provided to assess the migration flows of the country in order to be able to categorize the people entering Chile and to have an X-ray picture of the situation that allows responding to the needs of children and teenagers..

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