International Workshop for Girls, Boys and Adolescents in the Context of Human Mobility. From social assistance to protection

San Cristóbal de las Casas, Chiapas, is the venue for the International Workshop on Children and Adolescents in the Context of Human Mobility, held on September 25, 26 and 27 this year, an event that represents the first exercise of this nature at national level. The aim is to analyze and share successful practices to deal with the migration flow, which is growing every day and is a major responsibility for various institutions such as the National and State DIF systems, the National Institute of Migration (INM), the Ministry of Health, the Ministry of the Interior international organizations such as the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and various private and social organizations also work; we all represent a broad front that allocates financial, material and human resources aimed at ensuring the best interest of children and the whole range of prerogatives that travel in the backpack of dreams of every girl, boy and adolescent who are looking for new and more -good alternatives to his life. The encomienda is very sensitive, delicate and intergenerational, unfortunately the consequences that motivate human mobility are becoming stronger, so that in the coming years the increase in the migration flow will question the response capacity of each of the states that are heroically standing up before this phenomenon. Human mobility is defined according to the IOM as the mobilization of people from one place to another in the exercise of their right to free movement; however, and in response to the reform of the Migration Law of November 2021, it corresponds to the National System for the Comprehensive Development of the Family, the state DIF systems and that of Mexico City: I. Provision of assistance social care for children and adolescent migrants in need of services for their protection; II. Providing conditions of stay and guaranteeing the protection and rights of migrant children and adolescents, regardless of their nationality and immigration status, guaranteeing the principle of family unity and compliance with protection measures for the comprehensive restoration of the violated rights of girls, children and adolescents in accordance with the General Law on the Rights of Girls, Boys and Adolescents (Article 29). The above represents a major task that must respond to the migration policy of President Andrés Manuel López Obrador, which is based on full respect for human rights from a multisectoral, multidimensional, jointly responsible, transversal, inclusive and forward-looking approach. genre. Returning to the theme of the Seminar, attendees had the opportunity to interact at various tables for dialogue on comprehensive models of care for children and adolescents in mobility situations; we learned about the methodological guide for residential care for children and adolescents and about the social support centers and spaces created for the comprehensive care of this important sector of the population. In particular, the Panel on the Comprehensive Protection of the Rights of Children and Adolescents in Human Mobility generated many lights from the intervention of the Federal Prosecutor for the Protection of Children and Adolescents, Mtro. Oliver Castaneda Correa, who raised, among other things, the various challenges to improve inter-institutional coordination: 1. Strengthening the public and private social assistance system for the purposes of residential care and alternative care, 2. Revision of current obligations at the state level and municipalities, 3. Harmonization of state regulations with the General Law on the Rights of the Child, 4. Strengthening of the main prosecutor’s offices for the protection of children, 4. Unification of substantive procedures and, 5. Improvement of coordination of the three levels of government. Regarding the Zacatecas case, Mrs. Sara Hernández de Monreal, Honorary President of SEDIF, took the necessary steps so that in November of this year we have a new care home exclusively for migrant girls and boys (Love with Love Without Borders), instance , which with the support of the National DIF will guarantee psychological, medical, educational, legal care and everything that constitutes social assistance with a focus on basic human rights. I am personally grateful for the opportunity to participate in this important event. I return with gratitude to the government of Chiapas, to my fellow lawyer, Ms. Isabel Cruz Cruz, for her hospitality and pleasant experience, and especially to Ms. Sara Hernández for her confidence and the opportunity to go to this beautiful place in Mexico.

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