Analyzes of the Senate on the inclusion of the right to mobility in the General Law on the Rights of Children and Adolescents – PAHO/WHO

Mexico City, September 21, 2022 – Considering that injuries due to traffic accidents are among the main causes of death of Mexican children and adolescents, representing a problem and health risk in Mexico and the world, we attended the working groups “I have the right to move safely: Analysis of The initiative to include the right to mobility in the General Law on the Rights of Children and Adolescents”.

The purpose of the working tables was to make joint efforts regarding mobility and children’s rights; between experts, civil society, the private sector and the public sector to analyze and discuss the initiative with a draft decree to amend and add various provisions of the General Law on the Rights of Children and Adolescents, in the field of mobility and security.

During the event, which was held in a mixed format (virtual and in-person), Dr. Miguel Malo, PAHO/WHO representative in Mexico, addressed the attendees, inviting them to consider the initiative from the current context.

In the broad approach to road safety, if developed consistently, it will have an impact on living spaces, but also on the environment, for example on air quality, among other aspects that we need to improve our quality of life . life. In that sense, this proposal is aimed at seeking that improvement, the representative said.

Workbenches “I have the right to move safely

Miguel Malo emphasized that the streets were conceptualized as roads for the movement of vehicles and created hostile urban landscapes for the proper development of children. Thus, for children, the city is an aggressive, gray, inert, artificial and unpleasant space. The current challenge is to rethink, redesign and restore safe urban environments for those without full power or mobility.

The event was convened by the Committee on International Organisations, the Committee on the Rights of Children and Young People, the Committee on Metropolitan Areas and Mobility and the Second Committee on Legislative Studies; together with the National System for the Protection of Children and Adolescents (SIPINNA), the Coalition for Safe Mobility and the Network for Children’s Rights in Mexico (REDIM).

The national authorities who participated in the opening ceremony were:

  • Nancy de la Sierra Aramburo, president of the International Organizations Commission and organizer of the initiative.
  • Josephine Vasquez Mota, President of the Commission on the Rights of Children and Adolescents.
  • Patricia Mercado Castro, Chair of the Commission on Metropolitan Areas and Mobility.
  • Rafael Espino de la Peña, Chairman of the Second Commission for Legislative Studies.
  • Luis Fernando Carrera Castro, UNICEF Representative in Mexico.
  • Maria Constanza Tort San Roman, Head of the SIPINNA Executive Secretariat Office.
  • Tania Ramírez Hernández, CEO of REDIM.
  • Alejandra Leal Vallejo, National Coordinator of the Coalition for Safe Mobility.

Background
On May 17, 2022, the General Law on Mobility and Road Safety was published in the Official Gazette of the Federation, which lays the foundations for guaranteeing the right to mobility in the conditions established by the Constitution and for integrating the national mobility policy. and road safety in a safe systems approach. It should be noted that one of the laws to be harmonized by the Congress of the Union will be the General Bill of Rights of Children and Adolescents.

According to data from the Ministry of Health, in 2019, 1,693 children under the age of 18 died in traffic accidents, and according to the Road Safety Situation Report, Mexico 2019, in 2018, the death rate from traffic injuries was the second cause of death in girls and boys between 5 and 9 years and in adolescents between 10 and 19 years.

In response to this problem, on April 27, the initiative was presented to the full Senate of the Republic with a draft decree to amend and add various provisions of the General Law on the Rights of Children and Adolescents in terms of mobility and road safety.

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