TAMAULIPAS.- A total of 172 girls between the ages of 10 and 14 became mothers in Tamaulipas in 2021.
According to the activity report for this year (from January to November) of the State Group for the Prevention of Adolescent Pregnancy (GEPEA), almost half of the cases were registered in the 3 main borders of Tamaulipas, with 86.
In Matamoros, 32 girls became pregnant and gave birth during this 11-month period; in Reynosa 31 and in Nuevo Laredo 23.
These municipalities are followed by another 3 with 10 or more pregnancies of girls under 14: Ciudad Victoria with 14; Tampico 11; and Altamira 10.
GEPEA also lists 21 municipalities that have registered from 1 to 5 cases of this phenomenon: Río Bravo 5; Aldama, Camargo, Gonzalez, San Fernando and Tula with 4 each; and Bustamante, Ciudad Madero and El Mante 3 respectively.
Güemez, Soto La Marina, Miguel Alemán, Valle Hermoso and Xicoténcatl are included with 2 cases.
While with pregnancy and birth appear Cruillas, Gómez Farías, Hidalgo, Jaumave, Llera, Nuevo Morelos and Ocampo.
The remaining 16 municipalities that have not registered cases are Abasolo, Antigua Morelos, Burgos, Casas, Guerrero, Díaz Ordas, Jiménez, Mainero, Mendez, Mier, Mikiuana, Padilla, Palmillas, San Carlos, San Nicolas and Villagran.
The same 3 border ports that led the cases of girls between the ages of 10 and 14 becoming mothers in 2021 led the phenomenon in the segment of 15 to 19 years, the frequency of which was calculated in the thousands.
Reynosa recorded 1,284; Matamoros 930 and Nuevo Laredo 801. The total number in the 3 municipalities was 3 thousand 15, more than half of the total number in the state, 5 thousand 649, which occurred from January to November 2021.
With more than 100 pregnancies of women aged 15 to 19 and their births, 7 municipalities are located: Ciudad Victoria, 424; Altamira, 369; Tampico, 272; Rio Grande, 229; Mante, 157; Ciudad Madero, 154 and San Fernando 119.
Another 5 municipalities registered between 50 cases and less than 100: Valle Hermoso, 96; Gonzalez, 95; Tula, 73; Alma, 59; and Soto La Marina, 53.
The figures in the other municipalities are:
Guemez, 47; Hidalgo, 45; Miguel Aleman, 42; Jaumawe, 36; Xicotencatl, 34; Camargo, 33; Llera and Gustavo Díaz Ordaz, 30 each; Ocampo, 28; Padilla, 25; Bustly, 22; Old Morelos, 19; Houses, 18; Gomez Farias, 17; Nuevo Morelos and San Carlos, 13 each; Villagran, 11; and Abasolo and Jimenez, 10 each.
With less than this figure are: Guerrero, 8; Burgas, 7; Cruillas and Mendes, 6 each; miquijuana and palmilla 5 each; Mainero, Mier and unspecified origin, with 4 each; and Saint Nicholas; two.
The total number of pregnancies and births of women in this age group in Tamaulipas is 5,649 cases.
This figure, added to the 172 cases aged between 10 and 14, gives a total of 5,821 women aged between 10 and 19 who became pregnant and gave birth between January and November 2021.
The GEPEA 2021 report specifies that of the 3 million 679 thousand 623 inhabitants in Tamaulipas, 627 thousand 576 are adolescents between the ages of 10 and 19, one fifth of the total population.
Of these, approximately 51% are male and 49% female.
And it highlights that the birth rate shows a downward trend from 77.95 in 2013 to 42.50 in 2021 for the adolescent group of 15 to 19 years, and for the 10 to 14 year group the rate varies from 2.86 to 1.21 during the same time. period.
In the annual reports that the GEPEA state presented to the federal authorities in 2020, Tamaulipas is in 12th place among the states of the country with an average birth rate, in the range of 15 to 19 years: 59 births per thousand adolescents. The state has 59.1.
According to the Ministry of Health of Tamaulipas, in 2017 there were 10,202 births to mothers under the age of 20; in 2018, 9,545 births were registered; in 2019, a total of 8,679; in 2020, there were 7,687 births; and 5 thousand 821 in 2021, in girls and adolescents between 10 and 19 years.
In the subject, prevention actions are the majority, in addition to care-oriented activities, Prevention is carried out through seminars and conferences, especially virtual ones, with problems of violence, sexual education and suicide prevention.
Scholarships for underage mothers, contraceptives and the monitoring of cases of violence are a priority for attention.
The 22 GEPEA state reports include Tamaulipas among the states that are developing work in local communities and indigenous peoples to prevent adolescent pregnancy.
Finally, there was an increase in postabortion contraceptive coverage in adolescents from 2013 to 2020; in 2013 it was 62.2%, with 6 out of 10 adolescents leaving hospital with some form of contraceptive protection.
And from 2015 to 2020, coverage was maintained above that achieved in 2013.
By Magdiel Hernandez