Currently, more than 500 million people in the world suffer from diabetes, i.e. excess sugar in the blood. In Colombia, according to a recent report by High Cost Account, more than 1.5 million patients suffer from this disease, which affects organs such as the heart and kidneys.
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According to data from the International Diabetes Federation, 537 million people between the ages of 20 and 79 worldwide live with this disease, and the total number of diagnosed patients is expected to grow to 784 million in 2045, representing a 46% increase
It is diagnosed through a fasting blood sample in which the glucose is over 126 mg/dl. As determined by a blood sugar value after taking 75 g of glucose, above 199 mg/dl.
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Thus, experts agree that diabetes is much more than glucose, it affects organs that are not visible such as the heart and kidneys, being a precursor to chronic diseases such as heart failure and chronic kidney disease, which in many cases they can be prevented.
For that reason, Experts point to some elements to consider when dealing with the disease: diet, exercise and medication.
According to an article published by the Mayo Clinic, a healthy diet is the cornerstone of a healthy life, with or without diabetes. But if you have diabetes, you need to know how food affects your blood sugar levels.
According to the organization, it is important to be informed about the number of carbohydrates and the size of the portions. A key to many diabetes management plans is learning to count carbs. Carbohydrates tend to have the biggest impact on blood sugar levels. For people using mealtime insulin, it is important to know how many carbohydrates are in the food so that you can get the correct dose of insulin.
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Experts also point out that it is essential that each meal is well balanced. As much as possible, plan each meal to include a good mix of starches, fruits and vegetables, proteins and fats. Pay attention to the types of carbohydrates you choose.
Some carbohydrates, such as fruits, vegetables and whole grains, are better than others. These foods are low in carbohydrates and have fiber that helps keep blood sugar levels more stable.
According to the same health organization, physical activity is another important aspect of a diabetes control plan. When a person exercises, muscles use sugar (glucose) for energy. Regular physical activity also helps the body use insulin more efficiently.
These factors work together to lower blood glucose levels. The more intense the physical activity, the longer the effect. But even light activities, such as housework, gardening or standing for long periods, can improve your blood sugar level.
In general, most adults should get at least 150 minutes per week of moderate aerobic activity. Try to do moderate aerobic activity for about 30 minutes a day, most days of the week. You should be monitored by a healthcare professional.
Note that if you have been inactive for a long time, your doctor may want to check your general health before giving you advice. He or she may recommend a balanced combination of aerobic and muscle-strengthening exercises.
Insulin and other diabetes medications are designed to lower blood sugar levels when diet and exercise alone are not enough to control diabetes. However, the Mayo Clinic warns in its publication that the effectiveness of these drugs depends on the timing and size of the dose.
The first step is to store insulin properly. Insulin that has been improperly stored or expired may not be effective. Insulin is particularly sensitive to extreme temperatures.
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Also, be careful with new medications. If you are considering taking an over-the-counter medicine or your doctor is prescribing a new medicine for another condition, such as high blood pressure or high cholesterol, ask your doctor if this may affect your blood sugar levels.
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