Challenges persist in special education – El Sol de Tlaxcala

Teaching is a noble profession whose value becomes incalculable when exercised with babies with disabilities.

Yes, good there are 20 attention centers in Tlaxcala (CAM) and 72 Regular education support units (Use for care for children with certain disabilities, differently abled or seriously ill, there is still a need to cover spaces in schools and municipalities.

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about Yolanda Espinoza Dávila, head of special education at the Tlaxcala Department of Education Services to the state secretary of public education, recognizes that CAMs meet the needs that each case requiresbut USAERs are insufficient to have the staff, materials and space to care for the registered infants in regular schools for primary education, pre-school, primary and secondary.

He explained this In order to have the USAER service in primary education institutions, it is necessary to have a psychologist, a social worker, an assistant teacher and a principal, therefore it would be ideal for all schools to have this zone but they only register 72 places in 457 schools so coverage is low, below 50%, so the challenge is to cover more schools.

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He pointed out that Another task of USAER is to connect students with disabilities who find themselves in regular schools to provide them with the attention and support they need.

He added that Another challenge is educational inclusion, as this principle advocates the full inclusion of all people in the school community to promote access, progress, persistence, learning, participation and completion. to children, adolescents and young people under equal conditions and opportunities, especially to students who, due to some kind of disability, are excluded from the education system.

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However, special education in Tlaxcala has great strengthsok, simple in the academic year 2022-2023 they serve 7204 students in CAM and Usaer where receive pupils from 45 days from birth and they have early intervention level, preschool, elementary and secondary, but also offer workshops to integrate them into professional life or to encourage self-employment.

People with intellectual, motor, hearing and visual disabilities in a serious condition are served at the CAMfor when it is light they may develop in ordinary elementary schools.

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these spaces are located in various municipalities of the state, such as Tlaxcala, San Pablo del Monte, Tzompantepec, Huamantla, Calpulalpan, Tetlanohcan, Nanacamilpa, Contla, Istakuixtla, Tlasco, Chiautempan, Nativitas, Cuapiaxtla, Hueyotlipan, Shicohcinco, Atzayanka, Teoloholco, Panotla and Tequexquitla.

the official recommends that parents go to the CAM closest to their home to facilitate travel, maintain presence and reduce transportation costs.

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He pointed out that Basic documents are required to register a child like Birth Certificate, Curp, Vaccination Card, Photographs and Address Proof among others. attention is Monday through Friday during the regular general school schedule.

Regarding quotas, he said this In CAMs, the parents’ association determines the amount by mutual agreement. The resource that varies from 300 to 600 pesosis managed by themselves and they use it to meet needs for the benefit of students.

Make that clear the refund fee is per family, not per child, good have found that CAMs have registered few sibling casesafter which, as support for the family economy, they provide a one-time contribution.

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Another benefit of this type of training is that There are small groups that allow better attention from specialized staff, constantly trained to offer the best teaching. Therefore, parents can approach these spaces with the confidence that they will receive a quality education.

For any questions, advice, comments or complaints, The state Department of Special Education headquarters is located on the first level of the USET facilities with a phone number 246 46 236 10 ext. 1113.


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special education as well resumed 100% return to classrooms in the 2022-2023 school year, which will allow the return of quality care.

This reminded Yolanda Espinoza During the pandemic it was difficult to work with babies in this area, So in many communities there was no internet, which made the work of teachers more difficult; nevertheless they did not cease to exercise their vocation and selected photocopy that they had provided, just in case, to continue with the education of the infants.

He added that another obstacle was that many families did not have electronic means and only had a mobile phone which belong to the mother or father of the family, but if there are more siblings in that household, they give priority to other children and leave disabled children without the opportunity to learn.

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He mentioned this it was difficult to continue with education, but thanks to the work of the teachers, they were able to maintain the implementation of the academic program.


The Center for Multiple Attention 01, located at 19 Reforma Street in SurroundedMunicipality of Tlaxcala, It was the first to be installed at the site to provide special education. Since 1980, the year of its foundation, it has been dedicated to the care of children with intellectual, motor, hearing and visual difficulties in difficult conditions.

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Currently, the director is Claudia Oropeza Vasquez and 65 students are enrolled in this space who attend from elementary level to high school. It also offers cooking and pastry training workshops.

In CAM the students have a comprehensive education that varies from the academic plan to the psycho-pedagogical assessment, which caters to emotional health and skill development.

They care for children from the first days of birth to two years and 11 months in the early intervention phase; three to five years and 11 months are in preschool age while those aged six to twelve attend primary schoollike high school the maximum level they offer to be directed later to seminars which favor labor inclusion in coordination with employers and the community.

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The trainers are 11 teachers and a multidisciplinary team consisting of a psychologist, a doctor, a social worker, a communication teacher, a music teacher, a physiotherapist and a physical education teacher, plus two work training instructors in cooking and confectionery workshops.

Due to the age of the CAM 01 the facilities had various damages, which required rehabilitation by the state government to provide optimum spaces for the students though this meant moving the students to the DIF base from the community of Ocotlán, where they temporarily attend classes, therapy, counseling and more.

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The working hours of CAM are from From Monday to Friday, early and preschool stimulation is taught from 9:00 a.m. to 12:00 p.m. level primary and secondary from 8:00 a.m. to 1:00 p.m., while Workshops are offered from 8:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m.


Being a special education teacher involves more than teaching classes as their job involves caring for and helping students to be independentto eat, go to the toilet, clean themselves and do other activities on their own, work that requires love and vocation, confirmed Laura Coyozzi Nava, a teacher at CAM 01 for 13 years.

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The teacher is responsible for the second and third grade group of the high school, consists of seven children with mild and moderate intellectual disabilities, but there is also a hearing-impaired student.

His education consists of a bachelor’s degree in Special Pedagogy and a master’s degree in Pedagogy with a specialization in Special Pedagogy.also teaches courses on the Teacher Professional Development Program and has training in Mexican Sign LanguageTherefore, he is extensively trained to perform his job.

In their classes uses colors, textures and learning materials for babies to develop and strengthen their skills.

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He emphasized that in CAMs they promote inclusion and integration in small groups and that there is no difference between students, as could happen in a conventional school, although bullying and friction between students are not excluded.

Finally he shared this his experience at CAM is challenging and rewarding, where he has to adapt the academic content to the children’s needs to develop their studies towards independent living.

  • There are 20 multi-care centers and 72 regular education support services units in the entity, which care for children with some limitations, different abilities or serious illness.

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  • There are 72 USAER seats in 457 schools so the coverage is low as it is less than 50% so the challenge is to cover more schools.

in CAM care for people with intellectual, motor, hearing and visual disabilities in severe condition, because when it is light, they can develop in ordinary elementary schools.

  • In the 2022-2023 school year, they serve 7,204 students in CAM and Usaer, where they accept students from the age of 45 days and have an early intervention, preschool, elementary and secondary level, but also offer workshops to integrate them into work life or prefer self-employment.


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