A millennium after its invention in China at the beginning of the current era, the Chinese and Japanese themselves saw the need for paper recycling. Today, recycling is essential to limit pollution; When we throw away a used cardboard object as a useless item, we are actually throwing away what was once wood.
A few years ago, the installation of a pulp mill in Fray Bentos, next to the Uruguay River, provoked a mass protest from easterners and Argentines, who stressed the need to limit pollution and preserve water courses.
The paper industry affects native forests by replacing them with pine and eucalyptus plantations and degrades the environment by spreading solid, liquid and gaseous pollutants.
For two or three decades, European countries have established regulations that have made some paper companies find it convenient to move their mills to South America, where governments are more understanding, need investment and, if necessary, know philosophically – although not disinterested – not to do and let him do.
Far and long ago
Paper recycling would have started around 1000 in the Far East, in Japan or in the same China where it was invented.
Recycled paper makes it possible to extend the life of a very valuable material, the production of which involves the destruction of trees, since it is obtained from wood pulp.
Recycling starts with the production of cellulose pulp from wood. It is certainly the scarcity of forests that led the Japanese millennia ago to crush paper to re-pulp and generate gray recycled paper, as it is made from sheets written in black ink.
In Europe and the USA
The industrial process of paper recycling began in 1690 in Philadelphia, United States, about the same time as in England. In 1800, Englishman Matthias Coops patented a process for extracting ink from paper and turning that paper into “bleached”. There were no longer any restrictions on obtaining high-quality paper from waste paper.
Although you might think that it is possible to recycle all types of paper, it is not. That’s because what’s really being recycled is cellulose, the main material that makes paper, not everything that’s made of it. Among the papers that can be recycled are newspapers and magazines, boxes and cartons, brochures, writing paper and photocopies. Toilet paper, fax paper and paraffin wax should not be recycled.
Recycled paper saves the lives of entire forests – to get one ton of paper pulp it is necessary to cut down 17 trees, each of which will take 20 years to grow. Recycling does not pollute the environment and saves energy.
The word papyrus in Latin refers to the Egyptian plant Cyperus papyrus of the family Ciperaceae, the leaves of which served as writing supports for the Egyptians, Greeks and Romans between 3000 BC and the 5th century AD.
In 105 AD, T’sai Lun, an official of the Chinese Emperor Ho Ti, made paper for the first time from vegetable pulp based on the fibers of bamboo cane, mulberry and other plants, giving the beginning of paper. i know today
For 500 years, the technique of making paper belonged only to the Chinese, who guarded it jealously during that long period. Articles in the production of which paper is used as a raw material are part of most of the daily environments of the human being; provide functionality, comfort, order, hygiene and product protection.
Don’t throw it away, it can be used
Cardboard boxes for packaging; Trays for transporting fragile items such as eggs and fruit; goods for the student, such as notebooks, notebooks and diaries, and stationery for offices, make up a long list which gives a full account of the importance of each of these articles for ordinary use.
In its production, only waste paper is used: newspapers, magazines, office paper, printed publications, the sole purpose of which would be disposal by burning in landfills.
A distinctive feature of 100% recycled and ecological paper is its natural white color, a guarantee of a clean production process in which no chemical bleaching agents, which are particularly harmful to the environment, are used. Recycled paper was released in the 1960s by various environmental groups, but its use was not significant. Especially from the decades of the 80s and 90s of the last century, importance began to be attached to the topic.
The principle of recycling is based mainly on the utilization of available resources and the recycling of all waste that is generated. Seeing how landfills are today, one can conclude that something is wrong. It is not reasonable to cut down millions of trees to make paper and then throw it away instead of using it again to make paper.
Progress and the thirst for culture made written paper the medium of communication par excellence, leading to a spectacular increase in consumption or, what is the same, the cutting down of entire forests to support this demand.
But this increase in consumption has in turn led to another problem: new waste is generated that pollutes nature.
Part of these problems of deforestation and environmental pollution can be solved by using recycled paper produced according to strict standards that ensure that no aggressive chemical agents, especially chlorine, are used in its transformation process.
Recycling is the only way to make use of waste, which is not garbage because we throw it away, rather it burns. Then we will have understood the ecological meaning of paper consumption.