Why are women more likely to suffer from migraines? The experts explain

In Puerto Rico, it is estimated that migraine is more common in this population, affecting 1 in 5 women.

Migraine is characterized by being debilitating and limiting for patients. Photomontage: Journal of Medicine and Public Health.

United States and Puerto Rico have similar statistics regarding the number of people diagnosed migraine, a headache of varying intensity, usually accompanied by nausea and sensitivity to light or sound. This condition affects more than 10% of the population in both countries.

In this regard, Dr. Francesca Fiorito, neurologist and headache subspecialist, and Dr. Hector, Miranda, director of the Department of Neurology from the hospital of the UPR, Federico Trila, explained to the Journal of Medicine and Public Health the reasons for the high prevalence of migraine in Women compared to men and its relation to genetic factors.

Hereditary component in migraine

The migraine it is a common disease, but for which there is still no cure or significant change in the damage it causes, despite all the efforts and talents of the scientific community around the world. However, it is known that there is a genetic factor, “a person is born predisposed, that is, it is part of him, like many other diseases, in most cases it is hereditary”, said the neurologist.

For this, Dr. Miranda pointed out that genetics is responsible within the diagnosis of migraineaccording to evidence from various scientific studies.

The medical literature reports that the discovery of the CACNA1A gene as responsible for migraine familial hemiplegia, is a rare autosomal dominant inherited disorder with a high frequency, which is the catalyst for research into migraine in its two most common variants MCA and MSA.

Dr. Miranda further clarified that a headache is not equal to one migraineas this neurological syndrome has five types registered to date migrainedistinguishing them from at least 98 species of headache.

Role of hormones

About Dr. Fiorito, migraine It also has a lot to do with hormonal changes, including Women are 3 more likely to have it than men. In this regard, he pointed out that “the hormonal component of estrogen may vary in different reproductive stages of women and influence the symptoms of this condition.”

The percentages show that the most common sufferers of this syndrome are: Women with 75%, compared to 25% of men even migraine It has specific characteristics that must be present to be diagnosed. “The detection of this pain depends on the clinical examination that occurs in the doctor-patient interaction,” emphasized Dr. Miranda.

Manifestations of migraine

One of the main characteristics of migraine is that the pain is hemicranial, that is, that which occurs in the middle of the head and is pulsating. It is also associated with symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, blurred vision, resistance to light (photophobia) and irritation from loud sounds (phonophobia).

“To anyone who has headache the light hinders him, and the sounds hinder him, but with migraine this irritation is superb; his pupil is hurt, his ears want to burst. On the other hand, it has to be a repetitive process, nobody cares migraine just once,” added Miranda.

The migraine it tends to appear at an early age, a percentage about 5 or 6 years, and the later about 17 or 18 years. migraine“.

Need for further research

This condition is characterized by being debilitating and limiting, which can cause patients to be absent from work, family, personal and social levels; Likewise, it should be taken into account that migraine affects the Women in their reproductive and productive age. With this in mind, the neuroscientist makes the following call: “it is very important to raise awareness, manage and continue to research this condition.”

Specialists point out that there is an undeniable need to work to improve care structures, to reduce the barriers that prevent patients from being cared for by trained professionals and receiving the treatment they need. At the same time, they emphasize the importance of sensitizing patients with migraine so they recognize the symptoms and seek medical attention.