The Ministry of Equality decided to find out how many women and girls are victims of trafficking for sexual exploitation in Spain. To this end, it will commission a comprehensive report that attempts to quantify this phenomenon in detail.
Digitally confidential was able to verify that the government delegation against gender-based violence, led by Judge Victoria Rosell, has opened a tender for the award of a contract to carry out the study “Estimating the number of women and girls victims of trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation, sexual exploitation and in a situation of prostitution in Spain”.
The budget allocated to pay for this report amounts to EUR 101,887.96.
Search for “reliable data”
The department, headed by Irene Montero, justifies the need for this study by saying that “data and studies on prostitution, sexual exploitation and trafficking for sexual exploitation at the national and international level are scarce and those that exist have many limitations (such as are generally of good quality). type and/or use of unrepresentative and biased samples) meaning that there is a wide variety of figures and data”.
The problem with these reports “is due in part to the nature of the target group,” ie. women, victims of sexual exploitation and dedicated to prostitution, a population “hidden, hard to reach and highly mobile”.
But it also states that there is a “lack of data collection systems” so “good data collection systems need to be put in place to achieve a more rigorous view of this reality that allows the development of adequate public policies to improve prevention and victim assistance.
It added that “knowing the reality of trafficking for sexual exploitation and the sexual exploitation of women and girls closely related to prostitution in Spain requires reliable and statistically representative data.”
45,000, according to the government
Equality states that “numerous studies and reports show that the lack of data on trafficking makes it impossible to know the size and number of victims both in the world and in Spain, which has a negative impact on the development of effective public policies in this area.” attitude.”
All this argumentation attracts attention because the same government of Spain dared to give an approximate figure of the phenomenon of prostitution in our country a few months ago.
In a written response to a question from Vox’s parliamentary group in the Congress of Deputies, the executive estimated last May that there were 45,000 women and girls engaged in prostitution in Spain, of whom between 90% and 95% would be victims of traffic.
Map of prostitution in Spain
But the Department for Equality intends to do its own calculation, and also to dig deeper to draw a map of this phenomenon in our country.
The aim of the study is “to know the estimated number of women and girls victims of trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation, sexual exploitation and in a situation of prostitution in Spain, as well as their geographical distribution (provinces and cities of Ceuta and Melilla)”.
The company, institution or body responsible for this work must develop a method, some techniques that allow to reveal how many women are sexually exploited in Spain and under what conditions.
It should try to estimate the size of this population and its geographical distribution in Spain, “as a necessary first step to carry out a qualitative diagnosis in the future to advance the improvement of public policies on this matter, as called for by various international institutions”.
Among other steps, the report on this work should include “an analysis of the places where prostitution is advertised (Internet, newspapers, yellow pages, street signs, street level, etc.)” as well as “Where are women in the situation of prostitution and the types of prostitution’.
Big Data with Internet Ads
The analysis will include a global assessment of the general population of women and girls victims of trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation, sexual exploitation and in a prostitution situation in Spain.
The data will be broken down by province and the analysis will be carried out “using various existing methodological techniques, among which it is worth highlighting the use of big data or massive data analysis, with which for example to analyze existing Internet prostitution advertisements” .
The government’s delegation against gender-based violence requires that special attention be paid to avoid “over-representation of the most visible women”, for example “those who are on the street compared to those who are in apartments”.
It also requires that the distribution of women in an area changes depending on the time of day, season of the year, or other factors.
It even states that “the Covid-19 pandemic has significantly changed the situation of these women”, something that should also be taken into account.
Survey with 1 hour of interviews
Once this company or organization has assessed the population of women and girls who are victims of trafficking for sexual exploitation, sexual exploitation and in a prostitution situation, it must draw up a theoretical sample of women that allows the government delegation against domestic violence Paul conducted a future representative study of these women.
The study and the future study “will be the basis of the government’s delegation against gender-based violence to use the data and prepare a macro study of women and girls who are victims of trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation, sexual exploitation and in the situation of prostitution in Spain”.
The idea is to conduct face-to-face interviews lasting no more than one hour with women and girls who are victims of sexual exploitation or engaged in prostitution.
Equality requires that the questionnaire use “neutral terminology to prevent women from feeling judged or stigmatised”. In addition, it states that “some variation in the questions may need to be made depending on whether the women being interviewed are cis or trans.”
Outdoors, indoors, online…
In these surveys they will be asked for personal data: “Age, country of birth, nationality, highest level of education obtained, family details (whether they have a family or not), marital status, where they live (apartment, club, street etc.), with whom they live, number of children, number of brothers and sisters, maintains contact with father/mother, maintains contact with siblings, family support, social support, knowledge of their family/friends/environment about their situation”.
It is also interesting from the foreign women that they tell the circumstances of the trip to Spain, the reasons for migrating, the means of transport they used to arrive in Spain, direct or indirect travel, traveling alone or with a companion, source of funding to get to Spain ( herself, relative, friend, stranger), job offers before the trip (waitress, none, etc.), first job in Spain, regular/irregular administrative situation…
All these women and girls will be asked for information about their living conditions: if they have been exploited, “time spent in an exploitative situation, permanence in a particular club/apartment/street, exclusive or partial commitment, willingness to returned to their country, number of weekly/monthly/yearly hours, daily/weekly/monthly/yearly economic income, number of customers day/week/month/year”. If you have a job, about your working conditions.
Equality cares about where they practice prostitution: outdoors (for example: street, gas stations, hotels, etc.), indoors (apartments, brothels, clubs, escort services, massage parlors, vehicles, etc.) n.) or in a digital realm and whether they have changed their places.
It also aims to explore the geographic mobility of these women if they move according to seasonal factors.
Drugs, suicide attempts, abortions…
Other variables that will be asked are the reasons why each woman is in this situation: “How it started, thoughts and options for getting out of this situation in the future.”
They will question them about their physical, sexual and mental condition, whether they have had an abortion, whether they have suffered from sexually transmitted diseases, whether they have had suicidal thoughts or attempts, whether they use alcohol, drugs, medication. .
The ministry also seeks to learn the perception of these women and girls about the dangers they may be exposed to and what they think about the men who pay to have sex with them.
He will ask them what contacts they have with the police, social services, other public services and specialist associations and whether they resort to help to get out of this situation.
The survey will include questions about sexist violence: whether they have experienced it, what type (physical, sexual, psychological, by elements), frequency, duration, aggressor (partner, family member, friend, stranger, client, pimp, neighborhood neighbors and etc.).
In this case, “these questions will have to be designed to be adapted to the specific type of violence that may be experienced (for example, that the man refused to use a condom or refused to pay him at the end or was forced to use drugs , financial exploitation, etc.)”, and the possible coexistence of trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation with other forms of trafficking of women and girls will be analysed.