Bolivia rejects ‘commercialization of nature’ to curb climate change Interviews

Next November, COP27 will be held in Egypt, where UN countries will seek solutions to the climate crisis. Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs Freddy Mamani spoke to Sputnik about Bolivia’s position against carbon markets and the greater responsibility that industrialized countries have for emissions of harmful gases.

There are two months left until the start of the 2022 UN Climate Change Conference (COP27), which will be held in the city of Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt. The government of Louis Arce is preparing, together with social organizations, the proposal that will lead to the negotiations in which the 193 countries of the United Nations will participate.

Sputnik spoke with the Bolivian Deputy Foreign Minister, freddy mamani, in charge of negotiations on behalf of the multinational state. He indicated that he will present proposals and also signs that Bolivia’s commitment to change the energy matrix is ​​progressing steadily, with less use of fossil fuels.

For power, two issues are central. One is the rejection of Bolivia’s carbon markets because they monetizing actions to mitigate the effects of global warming.

Another important issue suggests that the most developed countries provide resources to finance the necessary activities in poor regions so that the average temperature of the planet does not exceed 1.5 °C in the coming years, which would be catastrophic for most ecosystems.

“Strengthening international cooperation with approaches that are not based on carbon markets must be a priority. For us, the starting point is do not commodify the forest, nature and biodiversityMamani told Sputnik.

For this to happen, “international cooperation must allocate financial resources, technology transfer and the development of the capacity of countries must take place, according to the principle of leaving no one behind”.

And he assured: “Cooperation and solidarity between countries is part of the path with real solutions to the climate crisis.” But at the same time, from the countries of the South, we firmly confirm our commitment to effectively comply with international commitments to reduce environmental pollution.

Motion with all votes

After Evo Morales became president (2006-2019), Bolivia began to receive large delegations of COPcomposed mostly of leaders of rural and local organizations.

This was not the case in 2019, after the coup that put Janine Annes in the presidency (2019-2020). Nor in 2020 and 2021, due to the restrictions imposed to deal with the COVID-19 pandemic.

This year, the Bolivian government and social organizations are working on a joint proposal that will be ready by September 30.

“We are in the process of a national and global dialogue to discuss and build proposals for COP 27,” which will take place between November 6 and 18, Mamani explained.

With Bolivian organizations, “virtual dialogues will be developed on issues such as technology transfer that are related to climate change and indigenous people,” he added.

The vice-rector emphasized that the organizations are grouped in Platform of local communities and indigenous peoples on climate change.

“This is an important example where the proposals of indigenous peoples, who throughout history have had the capacity to adapt to climate change, are brought together,” Mamani said.

This platform will address other issues such as mitigation mechanisms, carbon market colonialism, adaptation mechanisms, damage and loss coverage that Bolivia applies, among other points that the body comments on.

“It is essential to focus on rejecting carbon markets because nature, forests and biodiversity serve not only economic functions, but also cultural, social and spiritual ones,” noted Mamani.

And he stated, “It has to do with living well, in harmony and balance with Mother Earth.”

Towards the end of September, a “national dialogue with all organizations will be held, in which the Bolivian proposal will be completed”, said the Deputy Foreign Minister.

Changing the energy matrix

Also “a meeting is scheduled for October with heads of delegations of like-minded countries,” which includes 22 countries from Asia, Africa, Oceania, Latin America and the Caribbean, Mamani said.

In addition to the local population and villagers, the Bolivian proposal works with labor organizations, academia and research centers.

At the next COP, Bolivia will share data on its progress towards divest from fossil fuelsalso used in several power plants.

“Our socio-economic development plan until 2025 is aimed at restoring the economy to live well, to industrialization with import substitution. To achieve this, the energy transition is essential,” explained the vice-chancellor.

Photovoltaic plants, such as the one in Oruro, were built for this purpose. “The construction of hydroelectric plants was also encouraged, as was the generation of wind power.”

At the same time, “we are facing the great challenge of incorporating new technology into the direct extraction of lithium, for its industrialization from lithium carbonate and dioxide for the production of cathode materials and lithium-ion batteries,” said Mamani.

But “to contribute to the energy transition, we need investments, technology transfer. We hope that in the coming months there will be positive results, mainly to work on the direct extraction of lithium.”

Source Sputnik

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