The UN rapporteur was in the states of Guerrero, Chiapas, Chihuahua and Mexico City
Diana Hernandez Gomez / Cimac News
Mexico City.- In Mexico, the violence of organized crime, gender discrimination, land confiscation and climate change, among many other factors, are forcing more and more people to leave their homes and move to other states of the country. Among the main affected groups, girls and boys, as well as adolescents and women, are some of the most affected areas. This was announced this Friday, September 9, by Cecilia Jimenez-Damari, United Nations (UN) Special Rapporteur on the human rights of internally displaced persons.
Jimenez-Damari announced the preliminary remarks of his visit to Mexico, which began on August 29 and ended today, September 9. During a press conference, the Special Rapporteur explained that one of the main problems she was able to notice during her stay in the country was the special situation of vulnerability of women, adolescents, girls and boys who are victims of internal forced displacement.
According to the UN rapporteur, among the conditions that make this problem difficult is the lack of official data from the Mexican government. This statistical gap makes it difficult to develop and implement truly effective public policies that accompany people, but also prevent what makes them leave their places of residence.
What is forcing them to leave? What conditions are they in?
In the preliminary results of her visit, Cecilia Jimenez-Damari emphasizes that there are many factors causing internal displacement in Mexico today. And although there are also many affected populations, women, girls and adolescents form a sphere that undergoes a double affectation.
The rapporteur and human rights lawyer described this as primarily related to gender based violence and on high rates of female homicide which currently cross the Mexican Republic. These factors put women and girls “in a situation of special vulnerability to threats, intimidation and violence, including sexual violence.”
The UN rapporteur said that in most cases of displacement due to gender-based violence, the first instinct is to flee to protect one’s own life, but also the integrity of family members and loved ones. However, the vulnerability of women and their relatives does not disappear simply by moving from one place to another.
The women I met shared with me the experiences they had endured, the pain the disintegration of his familyfor the loss of his inheritance way of life, as well as the serious impact on their right to health.
Thus, by moving from their homes, women victims of forced displacement lose socio-emotional ties, but also purchasing power, sources of income and material goods. Likewise, they encounter various situations that put them at risk of suffering attacks against their sexual and reproductive rights. Plus, they stand up great difficulties in accessing the services legal, health and many others.
On the other hand, Jimenez-Damari explained that in Mexico, there are more women than men in a forced displacement situation. He also added that the majority of them become mainstream in charge of care in your family environment. This corresponds to the fact that, as the rapporteur noted in our country, a person usually does not move alone, but rather leaves with his whole family nucleus (sons or daughters, fathers, mothers, brothers… who become their economically dependent in the midst of a harsh stage of instability).
In addition to all this, women, girls and adolescents who are victims of forced displacement face other systemic violence necessary that the Government of Mexico should repair.
The country needs cross-sectoral, cross-cultural public policies with a gender perspective
Among other observations, Cecilia Jimenez-Damaris emphasized progress of mexico about internal displacement. Among them are the Protocols for the Investigation of Cases Related to Forced Displacement in the State of Chihuahua and Law 487 in Guerrero to Prevent and Address Cases of Internal Forced Displacement.
However, he said, the authorities should have official data to create public policies based on numbers and concrete experience. In addition, the space rapporteur added that the government should ensure the participation of Civil organizations and on victims of forced displacement in the design of said policies. Otherwise, you won’t know firsthand what your specific needs are.
Among them, the rapporteur pointed out that it is necessary to create a unique federal registration of displaced persons to facilitate their access to identity documents and other procedures. Currently, this is a problem that leaves displaced children and adolescents without the opportunity to continue their education. Likewise, it leaves them and their families without access to basic services such as housing and healthcare.
On the other hand, the government must also take into account the specific conditions of each displaced person. In Mexico, for example, journalists do not face the same conditions as indigenous women when they are forced to leave their homes, therefore the defense mechanisms for both cannot have the same characteristics.
During her visit to Mexico, Cecilia Jimenez-Damaris was in the states of Guerrero, Chiapas, Chihuahua and Mexico City. It will be in June 2023 when he will present his final report to the UN Human Rights Council; meanwhile, your preliminary remarks already account for the situation of abandonment by the state to the victims of forced internal displacement.