Contrary to what common sense believes, to Freud hatred is, in the structure of the psyche, before love. This constitutive hatred, this human passion, finds its fertile territory in the sharpening of the imaginary, in the mirror relationship with the congener, where one’s own aggressiveness is projected and reflected in the mirror of the other. What is not sustained by the like are their modalities of pleasure, an excess that would come to contrast and display our own dissatisfaction.
For Freud, what the human being wants in the beginning is to dominate, subjugate, exploit, enslave, humiliate the other. The emergence of language and the order of civilization would later mediate and pacify, albeit partially, this direct relationship, even as the imaginary register continues, of course, in social interaction, particularly in relation to the conformation of the subject’s self. The self is paranoid, the locus of the imaginary. But Freud, unlike Thomas HobbesI had no hope that the symbolic and civilizational agreement would bring harmony and good coexistence to this world. There is too much historical evidence to prove him right. The symbolic, in addition to the appeasing aspect of the word, includes the disturbing aspect of the signifier, such that there are always cracks and misunderstandings, or, in Freudian terms, a structural malaise in culture. However, this does not mean that the symbolic order should be denied.
It is true that Today, hatred and lethal pleasure are cunningly deployed as a methodology of political action by the right, a hatred that is sown and promoted by the mass media associated with neoliberalismin short, the drive to death in the service of the planetary plans of appropriation, but this thorny cultivation finds its nourishment in the decline of symbolic orders, the devaluation of the word, the discrediting of language, the fall of the symbolic law, or, to put it more sociologically and politically, in the deterioration of state agencies and institutions such as the judicial system, which leaves subjects at the expense of the stormy waters of this imaginary register in which aggressive relations and the rupture of the social bond prevail.
Hate, that unleashed passion, beloved daughter of death’s drive, horseman of destruction and fragmentation, lies outside the symbolic order and any meaningful articulation. And if there are words in hate, they are not included in the evolution of articulate language, not chain dialectized or referring to other signifiers, but located at the level of action. The place of argumentation is taken by insult and profanity. That is right there is no doubt in the hater and no room for justification or correction of ideas, but only the confidence, the self-conviction, the holophrases, the repeated slogans, the frozen syntagms, which, however, he intends to convey as opinions or points of view. In short, the word does not fulfill its role as a mediator. If the hatred of politics creates some kind of social bond, given that those who hate the ideology meet and talk, sometimes integrate neo-Nazi groups, talk to each other, this bond is based outside the symbolic law, in the consent of its members who want to destroy others. He who hates does not debate or listen, much less debate or try to argue, he is not interested in finding points of consensus or approaching a truth which, on the other hand, is always partial and not the whole. . He only attacks and projects his aggressiveness.
Hate trades in the market more than love. The promotion of hatred as a methodology for political destabilization finds its prosperity in the current non-acceptance of the structural lack of the human condition. Capitalist discourse has made subjects believe that anything is possiblethat the constitutive loss can be annulled and that any inconsistency or failure of the totality is to blame: populism, governments that are in conflict with the interests of the financial mafias, the presence of the state, anti-neoliberal policies and especially, some figure in the politics that is deliberately demonized and placed at the intersection of all misfortunes.
All the “disappointments” and “failures” of the existence of some individuals go to the expense of the indicated figure, not only the disadvantages and the growing impoverishment caused by neoliberalism itself, but also, a little exaggerated, the human future, the decline of the body, the finitude of life, love disagreements, symbolic castration, and even Heidegger’s “being for death.” Having the figure of someone imaginatively posited as the culprit of the structural vacuum turns that someone into a stalking and enjoying object, the source of all problems, while absolving his detractors of the responsibility that might implicate them in their deeds.
A successful operation that bears fruit and makes In today’s world, to physically attack an opponent, you don’t even need to hire professional assassins like in the pastbut to wait until sooner or later individuals appear willing to conform strictly to the imperative voices calling them to “act,” to appear “motu proprio,” or rather in obedience to an unconditional mandate on the right.
Just as in psychotics what is rejected from the symbolic returns as auditory hallucinations from the real, in subjects colonized by political hatred, the imperative “voices” come from the television screens of a real Power that stuns, if the analogy is not too risky. The attempt by a deranged individual, on his own initiative or through a group of neo-Nazi fanatics, to commit murder, does not cease to be an act of commission and a calculated event, awaited, paid for by a long series of previous actions in this direction, the result of obedience to a master who dictates their crystallized phrases and guides their actions. It seems that some mercenaries work for free and do not need to negotiate. Rather, that their fees for services rendered were in deadly delight, which is no small thing.
The possibilities are not antagonistic, at some point there is a fusion. There is no big difference between hiring someone and waiting for a lost person driven by unleashed hatred to appear at any moment. Even in the unlikely event that he was psychotic, this does not excuse those who methodically inflate, in the most permeable minds, the deadly passion to produce the effects expected from this dark sermon. Today, capitalism, in its neoliberanazi-fascist phase, admit the neologism, has made madness, paranoia and delirium work for its cause. Hate is not without consequences.
*Writer and psychoanalyst.