Alberti’s long stay at Subetica in Córdoba

Maria Merello Gomez, Raphael Alberti’s motherlived for long periods of time when she remained a widow with her daughter Maria in the house she had on Calle Toledo number 4, in Routea house located next to the Town Hall, in the heart of the municipality, and which was for two years the home of the author of “Sailor on Land”. During his stay in the municipality of Subbética, over the years 1924 and 1925Alberti receives the news of the awarding of the National Prize for Literature, which will mark the poetic future of the young man from Cádiz.

Its passage through Rute also serves as a component of Generation 27 to continue to increase his literary creativity. Here he wrote his second book, Dawn of the Wallflower, where it accurately reflects the Andalusian landscape with its olive trees, shepherds and whitewashed villages. The poet’s bedroom was wall to wall with the dungeon of the municipal prison. This was explained at the time by his nephew, who died in 2016. Ignatius Dokavo Alberti, who pointed out that in Rute the author was able to touch «the harsh, imposing and unique nature of the mountains of Cordoba and to get to know closely the tragedies, beliefs and human miseries locked in backward Andalusiamiserable and often dirty, dominated by a few rich people, owners of land, plants and animals, and also of people who work from dawn to dusk for a pitiful wage».

For two years Alberti was another neighbor The Ruteña locality, befriending extraordinary characters who will be immortalized in his literary work. Such is the case with Lino el del Peo, a character so peculiar that even Lino himself Picasso He asked the author to tell him more anecdotes about this strange drunkard.

The poet, born in Puerto de Santa María, also collected during his stay in the municipality of Subética the story of a young woman to whom he may have been attracted and who was kept locked up by his family. They let her out only to go to holy services. A living dead man who ended up hanging himself with a rope in her prison. Alberti picked up on this tragedy in his work “El adefesio”.

Return to route

After the long exile of the Franco regime and his return to Spain, Alberti returned to Ruta in 1990 in the hands of the Association for the Protection of Borrico (adebo), who named him an Honorary Mule. In this act, which serves to give a national projection to the entity that leads Pascual Rovira (after Alberti Camilo José Cela or Queen Sofia herself would arrive to christen specimens and support the cause), Alberti remembered his stay in the city of anise and Christmas sweets, and the inspiration he found in Subetica and the friendships, which were forged

Now the Rutte City Council has set its sights on living place where the poet lived, dating from the end of the 19th century, to carry out in the future the expansion of the municipal dependencies and the construction of a cultural object related to the member of Generation 27.

House where the poet lived.


This was confirmed to ABC by the mayor of the city. Anthony Ruiz (PSOE), who indicated that despite the fact that the project is still in its initial phase, without yet having a firm agreement with the owner of the property, there have been talks of taking over the house. In this regard, Ruiz indicated that the government team led by him “is open to any possibility of having this.” permanent testimony Alberti’s passage through Rutte’.

“We are open to any possibility of having a permanent witness”

Anthony Ruiz

mayor of Ruth

First Deputy Mayor of Rute and Councilor for Culture, Anna Lazoratifies this interest in providing the municipality, which was declared by the Municipal Council of Tourist Interests, with a center dedicated to the figure of the author of “Marinero en Tierra”.

The cultural advisor pointed out that “we had conversations because this Municipal Council has always shown an interest, firstly because it is the house in which Raphael Alberti lived, and then because the house is right next to the municipal building, which is an advantage for future extensions of public facilities or to accommodate a museum» .

Lazo pointed out that “we had evaluation of housing and, obviously, the problem is economic, not only because of the acquisition of the property, but also to restore it and then provide it with content».

In this regard, he pointed out that the Rutheño City Council had just completed an important one remodeling of municipal dependencies and a new cultural facility was built, so it was not possible to advance this project, which has a dimension of literary protection, but also of the territory in which this literature was written.

Housing situation

The assessment of the Office of Architecture and Urbanism (SAU), depending on the Diputación de Córdoba, assessed the property at over 200,000 eurosaccording to the mayor of culture, who advanced that “we are interested in yours acquisitionso we have requested the assessment, but at the same time we are waiting to have enough funds to be able to carry out the acquisition and its subsequent restoration».

The owners of the properties contacted by the ABC expressed an interest in selling the house occupied by the Alberti family, as it is uninhabitable and whose maintenance, as a property of more than 500 square meters, is an “economic burden” on the family economy.

In addition, the owners of the house consider the municipal pledge to be the most successful since the building existed cataloged due to its architectural value and it cannot be demolished for new construction, a fact that limits the possibilities of attracting investors and thus limits its use. In statements to the ABC, they indicated that they had been waiting for a call from the municipality for some time to close the periphery of the operation and the house where he lived Alberti continue to preserve his mark and the legacy of the artist as he passes through Subbética.

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