In an interview on Canal N’s “Vote 2022” segment, Enrique Okrospoma, candidate for the regional government of Áncash from the Socios por Áncash movement, stated that “33% of Ankashi’s population remains poor, 39.2% of our children under the age of 5 suffer from anemia and 17% chronic malnutrition”.
About poverty in Ankash
According to INEI (2022), five groups of departments with statistically similar levels of poverty were formed in 2021. In the first group with the highest poverty rates are Ayacucho, Cajamarca, Huancavelica, Huanuco, Loreto, Pasco and Puno, with a frequency ranging from 36.7% to 40.9%. In the second group, Amazonas, Apurimac, Junin, La Libertad, Lima Region, Metropolitan Lima, Piura and the constitutional province of Callao ranging from 24% to 27.1%.
The third group consists of AncashCuzco, San Martin, Tacna, Tumbes and Ucayali with a range from 19% to 22.8%. These figures do not match the 33% specified by the candidate.
About the anemia figures in Ancash
Anemia is a condition in which the blood lacks enough red blood cells or the concentration of hemoglobin is lower than the reference values according to age, gender and height.
According to INEI’s Family Health Demographic Survey (ENDES) (2021), the distribution on anemia in boys and girls aged 6 to 59 months (under 5 years) in Áncash is in the range between 18% Y 29.6%as seen on the map.
Likewise, according to Diresa (2021), proportion of anemia (WHO) c children under 5 years old who visit health facilities in Ankashin the first half of 2021, is from 30%. These numbers are a far cry from the 39.2% the candidate maintains.
On the other hand, it is important to note that at the national levelaccording to IPE (2021), it is estimated that 40% on children under 3 years of age represents anemia in 2020. In the Áncash region this figure reached 38%.
In 2009, according to INEI, in Ancash, 39.3% of children under the age of 5 were found to suffer from anemia. It is possible that the applicant had this information in mind; however, more recent and current research shows that this data is outdated.
Chronic malnutrition in Ancash
According to INEI, “chronic malnutrition is an indicator of the country’s development and its reduction will contribute to ensuring the development of the physical, intellectual, emotional and social capacities of girls and boys. It is determined by comparing the size of the girl or boy with expectations for their age and gender.
In 2018, INEI records that Ancash has a chronic malnutrition rate of 16.4% in children under 5 years. According to the regional government of Ankash (2022), with a downward trend, by 2022 the level of malnutrition is expected to reach 12.7%.
Likewise, according to INEI’s ENDES (2021), the percentage of girls and boys under the age of five with chronic malnutrition in Ancash is located between 10% and 19.4%.
In 2022, INEI places Áncash with a distribution on chronic malnutrition on 16.5%. We can see this in the presentation of the Demographic and Family Health Survey Key Findings 2021. Prevalence is a proportion that measures the subjects who have an event at a given time. This includes both new and old cases and has no dimension or unit of measurement, according to MINSA.
On the other hand, regarding your other statement, rate of chronic malnutrition (WHO) c children under 5 years old that go to health facilitiesaccording to Diresa (2021), in Áncash it was 20% in the first semester of 2021.
Therefore, we can only say that the third number is provided by the applicant approaches to the statistics for chronic malnutrition in Ancash, but it is not precise.
PeruCheck attempted to contact the applicant with no response.
The figures mentioned by Ocrospoma about poverty, anemia and chronic malnutrition in Ancash are false, according to the latest studies by INEI and Diresa. The poverty rate in Ancash is within 19% range a 22.8%, not 33%. The distribution on anemia in boys and girls under 5 years in Ancash is between 18% Y 29.6%, and not in 39.2%. And finally, on percent on chronic malnutrition in Áncash is 16.4%, very close to the percentage indicated by the applicant. Therefore, we conclude that the claims of the candidate for regional governor are false.
Fact check prepared by Maricielo Novoa for PeruCheck alliance.
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