Diabetes is a chronic disease in which blood sugar (glucose) levels rise above normal, leading to health complications such as damage to the eyes, kidneys and nerves.
Glucose comes from the food people eat, and it’s the insulin hormone that’s responsible for helping to control this substance in the blood by allowing sugar to enter cells to provide them with energy, explains the Library of Medicine Medline Plus.
Diabetes that manifests as type 1 or 2 can also cause heart disease, stroke, and the need for lower limb amputation.
When a person suffers from this disease, the body does not produce enough insulin or cannot properly use what it does produce, explains the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). “When there isn’t enough insulin or the cells stop responding to this hormone, too much sugar remains in the blood and over time this can cause serious health problems,” he says.
There is still no cure for diabetes, but losing weight, eating healthy foods and exercising regularly are key to improving the condition.
Who is more likely to have diabetes?
People who are most likely to develop type 2 diabetes are those over the age of 45 and those who have a family history of diabetes or are overweight.
Physical inactivity, race, and certain health problems, such as high blood pressure, also affect the likelihood of type 2 diabetes. A person is also more likely to develop the disease if they have prediabetes or had gestational diabetes when they were pregnant, says the US National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.
To regulate high blood sugar levels, you can resort to the use of certain medicinal plants. These are some of them which, although they are not miraculous, within the framework of a healthy diet and physical exercise can be used as a supplement.
1. Gymnema: Its leaves have hypoglycemic properties, according to the portal better with health.
2. Eucalyptus: This is a plant known for its properties to fight respiratory diseases, but its leaves and fruits are also hypoglycemic and help balance blood sugar levels.
3. Cinnamon: It helps stabilize blood sugar levels by stimulating insulin receptors.
4. Stevia: It induces insulin production, lowering glucose levels.
5. Fenugreek: It has a substance called 4-Hydroxy-Isoleucine which offers insulin secreting properties ie. stimulates insulin production in the pancreas.
6. Turmeric: It has properties that improve insulin sensitivity and increase glucose uptake in tissues, according to information from the portal Health line.
7. Melissa: Essential oils from this plant will help stimulate glucose uptake and inhibit glucose synthesis in the body, says the aforementioned source.
8. Chamomile: Its component, called quercetin, has the ability to prevent sugar imbalance after a meal, says Better with Health.
9. Nettles: Increases insulin secretion.
10. Sage: It has hypoglycemic properties that help reduce the amount of sugar in the blood.
11. Watercress: It has good amounts of fiber, which helps sugar ingested with food to be absorbed more slowly into the body.
12. Anthem: Lowers glucose levels increases the secretion and action of insulin and regenerates beta cells of the pancreas.
13. Grapes: Phytochemicals in the skin of this fruit contribute to glucose metabolism and stimulate the pancreas.
14. Garlic: Helps reduce inflammation and sugar levels.
15. Artichoke: This plant has a significant amount of inulin, a polysaccharide that helps regulate blood sugar.
16: Olive: This plant stimulates the secretion of the hormone insulin.
17. Green Tea: Stimulates the absorption of glucose in the cells of the body, reducing blood sugar.
18: cow leg: It has a protein that acts similar to the hormone insulin in the body, according to information from the Health and Wellness Portal Tua Saude.
19. Moringa: One of the advantages is that it has a natural hypoglycemic effect.
20. Insulin: LPlant-based insulin has a hypoglycemic effect that helps control diabetes and is known as plant-based insulin.