The the backbone of the Papatlatla community there are many names and surnames, but this time we will call to this bra like the local women. These women who have taken it upon themselves to give a better life to their family, who follow traditions to strengthen their culture and who love their land because they know it is the source of sustainable development.
According to the National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI), in Papatlatla there are approximately 538 inhabitants and its name is due to a plant native to Mexico: papatla, which is known in this region as a coating for tamales; but not only that, this place is full of gardenia bushes and guava trees which makes the sight and smell a delight.
in a large percentage men devote themselves to agronomy and women to handicrafts. Andthe latest report shows that 314 people live in local homes and that only 10 percent of the population has managed to complete secondary education.
In Papatlatla you can see more women than men and maybe for that reason this place represents female empowerment, that empowerment that is not at odds with its roots; on the contrary they believe that empowerment is also about feeling proud of one’s past, because they know perfectly well that they are what they are today because of the knowledge of their ancestors.
Angelina Angel Perez is an elderly woman who speaks Nahuatl and Spanish perfectly, because of his age you would think he doesn’t go out that much anymore or that he doesn’t work anymore, but it’s the opposite. “He is stronger than the young,” say people who know her.
Angelina walks a lot around the city, this is an activity she likes and participates in community activities, She also cooks, washes and knits to progress. Angelina like many of the women of this region make quexquemetl, these are some types of scarves made on a waist loom, omega thread is used and they are crocheted.
At first he made them only for personal use, but today he also makes them for sale. She is proud because she knows that by continuing to do this, she is keeping her roots and is a resistance to this need for societies to update cultures.
Local women take care of nature without realizing it
The the women of this community are closely connected with nature and without realizing it, they are their protectors. ° Сtake care of its streams, its trees, its leaves and its fruits, They know that everyone in this community is related and that thanks to the land they have food as well as work.
The land of this community is very fertile, there different fruits, but the ones that stand out the most are gardenia and guava, both are for personal use and for sale, which is why women meet to talk about their care, give each other advice on production and tips for better results.
In the case of guava, they use it to feed them to children, because they are sure to make them stronger and smarter. And in case of gardenias, although it is a visually very beautiful flower with a very peculiar smell, They buy them at a very low price but accept it out of necessity.
It is important to mention that this place is very close to the river and this place is full of water liliesalthough many people see it as a bad thing, women used it to make crafts with this plant. That is, they do not see it as something negative, but rather take advantage of it.
Women still wash in the streams of pure water and have built public laundries to facilitate their work. They know that when they mix something natural, they must use harmless products and have great respect for the earth that gives them this liquid.
without noticing it women have defended their lands against development imposed by supposed modernization and they occupy these spaces to create community and teach their children the importance of natural resources.
For example, Oliveria Cano takes her young son to public laundromats to get his feet wet, to play, to watch her work, but above all so that he sees in his daily life the union between people and the earth. Oliveria also weaves and makes handmade textiles. This is largely due to Cirila.
Knitting and embroidery gives them strength
Cyrilla Florentino Rosalino, is a craftsman who promotes the empowerment of women in this place through his hands, specifically with making folk clothes, cuts, scarves and blouses. She protects the work of artisans and raises her voice so that intermediaries do not abuse.
However, his voice did not resonate with the authorities, neither in the state nor in Huauchinango, because they are not given a place in the zone of this municipality to offer their products and they continue to face haggling and middlemen who buy their product at a very low amount and resell them almost triple. However, she will continue to be a defender of women’s rights.
The sale of these products made rural women economically independent from menRather, now it is the two of them who earn money and distribute it equally to provide a better life for their children and grandchildren.
“It’s very important to value ourselves as Sierra women, to know that we can work and what we want is not to have people coming to take our things and resell them.” We want the authorities to help us have our own contacts and buy directly from us,” express.
The empowerment is also related to feeling proud of oneself An example of this is Ángeles Morales, who is proud of her roots and believes that this has helped her as a person to strengthen her sense of belonging and humanity.
In short, This pride has seen her win awards in the past as local queen, because he thinks it’s important to know where you came from in order to know where you’re going. These accolades were received for speaking Spanish and Nahuatl perfectly and for giving a speech in which she spoke about the importance of being an indigenous woman.
It was queen Xochiquetzalli in Huauchinango, Xochiquetzalli was a protector of artists, weavers and an advocate of pregnant women for the Aztecs. She was also Queen Xochicihuatl (Flower Woman) in the municipality of Atlixco. She is currently 29 years old, married and has a daughter, a girl, in whom she will continue to instill a love for her traditions.
Local women and their cuisine, an extension of nature
The Sierra Norte women have a close connection to traditional Mexican food, They believe that gastronomic knowledge is passed down from generation to generation and that their recipes are almost heirlooms that they leave to their families.
In the case of Papatlatla, Dominga Ocampo is known as the town’s chef. He never studied to devote himself to it, but his spices appeal to many people, and for the same reason he sells his food at fairs, in church, or at neighborhood and family celebrations.
Her touch comes from her products, as everything she makes is from her home, for example if he wants to make eggs he goes with his chickens, if he wants to make mole he uses his turkeys and all the ingredients are in his backyard. As simple as having a craving for lemon water and going to your tree to cut them down so you don’t use anything with preservatives.
Since guavas grow abundantly in Papatlatla, she also took advantage he makes water and atole from this fruit, he also makes gorditas and all the products that are related to corn And of course, we couldn’t miss the papatla leaves. Its kitchen is traditional, full of wood, with a wood-burning oven, and has an outstanding wall for its clay cups. Cooking fills her with pride and for her cooking is part of her identity as a woman.
Why is International Indigenous Women’s Day celebrated?
According to the National Commission on Human Rights (CNDH). International Indigenous Women’s Day commemorates the struggle of Bartolina Sissa, Aymara warrior who She opposed colonial rule and was assassinated in La Paz, Bolivia in 1782. The purpose of this holiday is pay tribute to all indigenous women of the world and make visible their daily struggle as well as the everyday to get ahead.
It is a date that seeks to make visible the fundamental rights of women, their representation in community life and their contribution to the perpetuation of traditions. In Puebla, there are 542,042 registered women who call themselves this wayfar more than men, as there are only 501,074.
The Puebla government declared the Nahua ethnic group to be the largest indigenous population in the territory. Their language, Nahuatl, extends mainly to the Sierra Norte of the state, and it is in this part that this material is anchored.