In Mexico, only 3 out of 10 girls and boys have their full vaccination schedule, despite the fact that this is a human right that should be guaranteed to all people.
Despite the fact that the country has one of the most comprehensive free vaccination schemes in the world, as of 2018 coverage is among the lowest.
According to ENSANUT 2021, only 27.5% of one-year-old boys and girls had a full scheme.
Added to this, in the COVID-19 pandemic, the population stopped visiting clinics to administer vaccines, as 4 out of 10 households are from the most vulnerable economic strata
report interruptions in their implementation.
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This backwardness endangers the lives and health of girls and boys.
- In 2020, coverage against severe forms of tuberculosis (BCG vaccine), dropped to 28%, despite the fact that in 2018 this vaccine had one of the highest coverages.
- On the other hand, the vaccine against Hepatitis B also lags significantly as it has coverage of 56.7% nationally.
- While the coverage of Pentavalent vaccine it is 70.1% for girls and boys.
- On the other hand, the vaccine pneumococcus representing 86.6% coverage nationally.
Vaccination is a human right and should be guaranteed for all people.
In early childhood (from 0 to 5 years), vaccines are essential for the survival of girls and boys, because at this stage it is necessary to strengthen their immune system and form antibodies against diseases that can be fatal.
According to INEGI data, Just over 30,000 people under the age of 5 die each year in Mexico., most due to preventable causes with health interventions such as vaccination. In 2019 flu and pneumonia are the 3rd leading causes of death for girls and boys up to 5 years of age and intestinal infectious diseases, 5th place
On the other hand, apart from health protection, vaccination represents savings important for public health.
A statement sent by civic organizations in favor of childhood and early childhood states that vaccination reduces the costs of diseases caused by intestinal infections by up to 75%.
In addition, they assured, it protects the country from public health risks and threats because if coverage is not available, the risk of outbreaks and resurgence of the disease it is a latent threat that can be reflected in human losses, economic losses, affecting the development of individuals and their families, and increasing both public and private health care costs.
Among the reasons why coverage is so low, these organizations highlight:
- Irregular supply of vaccines.
- false contraindications.
- myths and beliefs
- Infrastructure issues like the cold network.
- Complexity and lack of transparency in the process of purchasing vaccines and consumables.
- Lack of nominal monitoring system.
According to a study conducted by Save the children In communities in the southern part of the country, the main reason why children are not vaccinated is because lack of biological substancesreasons such as lack of time for mothers and fathers to take their daughters and sons to health facilities, lack of supplies or personnel to administer the vaccines, and reasons related to COVID-197
The appeal of this group of civil associations, made up of the Children’s Rights Network in Mexico REDIM, Save the Children in Mexico, Mexicanos Primero, Canitas y caritas felizes AC, Con Diabetes Si Se puede IAP, PROEDUCA IAP, Pact for the First Childhood, us | Collective zero scarcity is, among other things, to establish and implement a An emerging plan to address and reverse vaccination delays.
Likewise, it allocate in the expenditure budget of the federation for 2023sufficient and designated resources to: implement the aforementioned plan, improve infrastructure including the cold network, maintain all delivered biological products, strengthen the nominal information system.
Also to ensure timely purchase of vaccines accounting for the timing of international purchases and ensuring its effective distribution throughout the country, including communities in greater conditions of exclusion and marginalization.
On the other hand, the call also focuses on strengthening vaccination campaigns, both information and vaccination days that reach directly into the communities where girls and boys live. Strengthening the role of the education system, as they are favorable places to hold vaccination days.
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As well as discuss and approve legislative reforms such as the initiative to reform and add various provisions of the General Law on the Rights of Children and Adolescents, the General Health Law and the General Education Law regarding vaccination. Submitted to the Chamber of Deputies, in the Committee on the Rights of Children and Adolescents.